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ª DOLORES D RAFT
Small raft, built of masonry, which collected the water from the source of the Barrio Alto. Today feeds on Acequia Gorda. Built in the home orchard for irrigation.
A. ERA FARMHOUSE PARRA
It was paved with mica-slate slabs, relatively elliptical and approximately 12 meters in diameter. Presents balate masonry on the west side.
ABREVADERO FARMHOUSE OF ELVIRA
Elongated trough, about 10 m, arranged on the ground, respecting its slope. It is built of masonry with cement plaster. At its west end appears a pipe through which reaches the water, which comes from a birth.
ABREVADERO FARMHOUSE OF JUAN CASTILLO
Elongated trough of about 10 m in length, built of masonry and cement plaster and based respecting the slope.
ABREVADERO OF Chanata
Waterhole dug in the ground, so that collects water from the nearby slopes.
ABREVADERO OF MORALES
Waterhole compound trs pillars, collecting water from a nearby source.
ABREVADERO OF POSNILLA
Trough about 10 feet in length and narrow width, built of masonry, which collects the filtered water raft The Posnilla.
ACEQUIA TUNNEL OF SAINTS
Masonry built tunnel, whose entrance also has a small masonry building, with cover fall. The field extends into the interior of the mountain without seeing the output.
ACEQUIA TUNNEL OF SALE
Tunnel embovedad canal, built in masonry.
ACUED. CORT. FERRIS WHEEL OF MIURA
Small single span aqueduct built in slate masonry.
ACUED. Rambla CHANNEL
Aqueduct built in masonry, with three spans, two of them blinded and the other crumbling brick; retains startups, although badly damaged.
AGE ARC ALJIBE
It was partially excavated, about 20m in diameter, fail in paving, existing stones on the ground, this flooring rebajandolas and completed with limestone boulders nature.
Alcazaba de Finana
Built before the tenth century , continued its apogee during the XIII and XV century, to be occupied by the Christians in 1489. The importance of this fort " fiñani " or fiñanera had to be outstanding . A few years later , during the reign of Abd al- Rahman III , Muslim Spain reached the height of its cultural and economic boom , highlighting Almeria, which became one of the most active and rich peninsular Mediterranean ports . In this context, Southeast Rebellions were a serious problem from Córdoba were urged to end . Be as in the days of Abd al- Rahman III when he finished with these serious uprisings , defeating , the main leader of them: Ibn Hafsun . For this, the young caliph , was obliged to go in person to the most critical points of the rebellion , including Finana . This happened to the small of his ascent to the throne Cordovan year. Before arriving at our villa, I had to face opposition from the towns of Baza and Guadix, to be submitted with little resistance. Finana , things went differently. Here he met fierce resistance . The fort is surrounded entirely of houses. " This ancient citadel no remains of houses ," said Maria Pilar Sánchez Sedano in his Muslim architecture in the province of Almería , " not even a division of the enclosure that would respond to the characteristics of the whole citadel needs as their outbuildings are now part of private homes in many cases destroyed walls or windows to enter any dependency. remnants remain standing only three towers and walls that would surround the village and form the living room. The towers are rectangular whose construction system is simple with lime and sand, coated with a layer of plaster " mortar. The district formed from the citadel , is certainly descended from the ancient Muslim suburb , leaving it all some traces that can still appreciate as it is, the layout of the streets of the neighborhood, or reservoirs that are conserved and which are described below.
Alcazaba de Laujar
(XVII Century). It was a large enclosure that centralized power of the old Muslim Taha Andaraj, but after the Moorish and prevention of further uprisings rebellions demolition of these old castles is ordered, so that the remains are scarce (some cloth wall and of towers). According to some authors Almutasim was built by King Taifa of Almería, and during the civil wars Nazari settled here El Zagal, brother of King Muley They, in their confrontation with his nephew Boabdil, the last ruler of the kingdom of Granada. Later, in 1492, after the capitulation of Granada and will be chosen by Boabdil himself to his exile to exile in North Africa. It was also the establishment of the provisional court Aben Humeya, leader of the Moorish rebellion of 1568, and more recently an ejido or community field threshing various eras (in one of which we are). After visiting the few remains of the old Alcazaba we retrace our steps to continue the route, following the footprints on the floor marked in yellow Descend the hill to continue to the left along the eastern edge of El Hizán.
Alcazaba de Marchena
Remains of walls, cisterns and part of the grounds of the old citadel. In the highest part of the hill the tank, rectangular, built of masonry and covered with a barrel vault is the same material, after the tank are remains of masonry walls and immediately you will find a long room, where featured a arched vain. Lower bound in two new wells appear, the first barrel vault reinforced with three arches and the second is a raft excavated in the ground, rectangular, large proportions. In the lower areas of the mountain a series of walls that are adapted to the soil can be seen. CERRO MARCHENA: With consequent major settlement for permanent succession of cultures and people in the environment remains. This site and remains of Roman culture to a greater extent, Muslim succeed being during the Muslim period when Marchena Castle played a key role in controlling the flow through the Valle del Andarax to High Alpujarra. Due to its strategic position suffered several destructions and reconstructions until its complete destruction in 1522 because of an earthquake. Today we find several cisterns and remains of the wall, being declared of Cultural Interest on June 29, 1985. HISTORICAL NOTES MARCHENA: Probably the first cultural Terque settlement dating back to prehistoric times, whose sun village of ancient caves is found in the environment that occupants Thousands heirs in 2500 BC the Neolithic culture. But before Terque was Marchena, a hill that its strategic importance and location will be witnessed successive cultures throughout the centuries. In the Middle Ages, Marchena is Muslim (Marshana), and is part of its founding and settlement activity in the territory of Urs al-Yaman about 20 castles, the configuration over time as the most important fort in the area. From the thirteenth century to form the Nasrid sultanate, Marchena will name a taha. Ten places such taha composed and ruled from the fort, which dominated the region, the inputs and outputs of the Alpujarra taha Alboloduy, Gergal and Valley Pendant. Marchena consisted of three successive fillings with ceramic abudante and varied, some been dated in the twelfth century. The peak corresponds to the castle itself, and it confined enclosure with five homers towers. Among the traces that appear several wells and a piece of wall. On the slopes cemeteries with matching marble tombstones were kufic, which were a source of legend among the locals because it is still talking about the "BOOK OF MUHAMMAD". Terque to the side of Marchena, it is shaping as a people, and after the surrender of Baza and Almeria in the capitulations of 1489, will begin its modern history.
The largest and most important of the Shire, with 7.5 h ª extension, which corresponds to the former Al-Hisana, primitive walled town and administrative center of the deserted medieval taha. Highlights remains of a rectangular toreón built in mud, remains of the wall in different condition, cisterns, a raft, which could correspond to residues homes. Prior to the Arab settlement was Roman.
ALJIBE BCO.DE THE SOULS
Water tank built of masonry and brick structure with elongated barrel vault.
ALJIBE CAMPILLO Padules
Cistern barrel vault, something pointed, 7m in length, about built in masonry.
ALJIBE PAYMENT OF FERRIS WHEEL OR BOQUERON
Livestock medieval cistern medium (3 x 7 m), characteristic of the Shire.
ALJIBE Rambla OF SOULS
Remains of a small water tank, excavated, built in masonry, with a barrel vault and arch at the entrance. The dome and the arch are alfahar brick. Collected the water through a channel.
ALLEY OF THE DEAD
Paved road with metamorphic materials in front of the core towards the cemetery Abla
ALMAZARA from Canillo
Mill that used to function, the driving force of the water. Today only retains cárcavo, which is covered with vegetación.En 60 was installed electricity.
Mill consists of a semi-detached buildings, rectangular, built of masonry, with pitched roofs of slabs, which formerly housed a mill. The covers are partially fallen.
ALQUERIA OF HORMICA
Agricultural areas where remains of buildings were masonry.
ANCIENT CHURCH CLOCK
Watch preserved in good condition, both the sphere, as the inside mechanism.