Alcazaba de Marchena
Remains of walls, cisterns and part of the grounds of the old citadel. In the highest part of the hill the tank, rectangular, built of masonry and covered with a barrel vault is the same material, after the tank are remains of masonry walls and immediately you will find a long room, where featured a arched vain.
Lower bound in two new wells appear, the first barrel vault reinforced with three arches and the second is a raft excavated in the ground, rectangular, large proportions.
In the lower areas of the mountain a series of walls that are adapted to the soil can be seen.
With consequent major settlement for permanent succession of cultures and people in the environment remains. This site and remains of Roman culture to a greater extent, Muslim succeed being during the Muslim period when Marchena Castle played a key role in controlling the flow through the Valle del Andarax to High Alpujarra.
Due to its strategic position suffered several destructions and reconstructions until its complete destruction in 1522 because of an earthquake.
Today we find several cisterns and remains of the wall, being declared of Cultural Interest on June 29, 1985.
HISTORICAL NOTES MARCHENA:
Probably the first cultural Terque settlement dating back to prehistoric times, whose sun village of ancient caves is found in the environment that occupants Thousands heirs in 2500 BC the Neolithic culture. But before Terque was Marchena, a hill that its strategic importance and location will be witnessed successive cultures throughout the centuries.
In the Middle Ages, Marchena is Muslim (Marshana), and is part of its founding and settlement activity in the territory of Urs al-Yaman about 20 castles, the configuration over time as the most important fort in the area. From the thirteenth century to form the Nasrid sultanate, Marchena will name a taha. Ten places such taha composed and ruled from the fort, which dominated the region, the inputs and outputs of the Alpujarra taha Alboloduy, Gergal and Valley Pendant.
Marchena consisted of three successive fillings with ceramic abudante and varied, some been dated in the twelfth century. The peak corresponds to the castle itself, and it confined enclosure with five homers towers.
Among the traces that appear several wells and a piece of wall. On the slopes cemeteries with matching marble tombstones were kufic, which were a source of legend among the locals because it is still talking about the "BOOK OF MUHAMMAD".
Terque to the side of Marchena, it is shaping as a people, and after the surrender of Baza and Almeria in the capitulations of 1489, will begin its modern history.