Alcazaba de Finana

Built before the tenth century , continued its apogee during the XIII and XV century, to be occupied by the Christians in 1489. The importance of this fort " fiñani " or fiñanera had to be outstanding . A few years later , during the reign of Abd al- Rahman III , Muslim Spain reached the height of its cultural and economic boom , highlighting Almeria, which became one of the most active and rich peninsular Mediterranean ports .

In this context, Southeast Rebellions were a serious problem from Córdoba were urged to end . Be as in the days of Abd al- Rahman III when he finished with these serious uprisings , defeating , the main leader of them: Ibn Hafsun . For this, the young caliph , was obliged to go in person to the most critical points of the rebellion , including Finana . This happened to the small of his ascent to the throne Cordovan year. Before arriving at our villa, I had to face opposition from the towns of Baza and Guadix, to be submitted with little resistance.

Finana , things went differently. Here he met fierce resistance . The fort is surrounded entirely of houses. " This ancient citadel no remains of houses ," said Maria Pilar Sánchez Sedano in his Muslim architecture in the province of Almería , " not even a division of the enclosure that would respond to the characteristics of the whole citadel needs as their outbuildings are now part of private homes in many cases destroyed walls or windows to enter any dependency. remnants remain standing only three towers and walls that would surround the village and form the living room.

The towers are rectangular whose construction system is simple with lime and sand, coated with a layer of plaster " mortar. The district formed from the citadel , is certainly descended from the ancient Muslim suburb , leaving it all some traces that can still appreciate as it is, the layout of the streets of the neighborhood, or reservoirs that are conserved and which are described below.

Location
In the highest part of the core. Fully Surrounded by house, so a ladder to access the Citadel through the roof is necessary.
Historical Aspects

Built in the tenth century

Bibliography

VALDIVIA AYALA, Alfredo Finana. Noble Moorish Villa. Ministry of Culture and City Council Finana. Almería. 2000

Business Requirements
Foreign
Current Use
Alcazaba
Current Protection
BIC
Environment Quality

Cerro amesetado, extension of a system which enters piedmont plain. Good views but inaccessible

Condition
6
Condition

Stripped in part by urban development that practically makes itself inaccessible access. Reservoirs, erroneously called "baths" are included.

Ethnological interest

The district formed from the Alcazaba has its origin in the suburb. It was an important medieval fortress defending the route between Almería and Granada.

Assessment
8
Owner
Not located